Why was water stage one?
The first crucial stage in the Oltumo project was to have access to clean drinking water. It is not uncommon to walk 2-4 hours a day for water and then have to dig into a sandy riverbed just to reach the water which lies beneath. Exasperating the problem are recurring droughts in which cows, goats and sheep may die from thirst, along with the Maasai's livelihood and way of life.
"In one way or another, we're draining the river dry. By the time it reaches the Masai Mara and the Serengeti, let alone Lake Victoria, it has run a gauntlet, surviving attacks all along the way."
-James Robinson, Professor of Government, Harvard University
Learn more about this critical issue of water through videos and documents.
Where's the water gone?
On a global scale, the effects of climate change is causing the seasons in the Mara to become less consistent and with more severe drought. Locally, tourism is resulting in the lodges and camps abusing the rivers and springs. Lastly, there is a lack of trees as a result of cutting them for firewood and charcoal. For all these reasons, natural sources of water are becoming more and more scarce.
See the short videos below for some more info, or Read more about the reasons for a lack of water in the Mara.
how do we bring the water back?
It all starts with a well. Then, the long-term plan of regenerating the water table and landscape will begin. Read more about the whole process here.